ERIC Number: ED458003
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
The Market Forces in Adoption. Adoption and Ethics, Volume 2.
The controversies in adoption have extended across a spectrum of policy and practice issues, and although the issues have become clear, resolution has not been achieved nor has consensus developed regarding a framework on which to improve the quality of adoption policy and practice. This book is the second in a series to use an ethics-based framework for analyzing and resolving these complex challenges in adoption while avoiding the divisiveness that has heretofore impeded their resolution. This book considers various aspects of the business of adoption in terms of market factors. With the shifting demographics of infant adoption, international adoption, and special needs adoption, issues are raised in this book about the role of money in adoption, who holds the "power" in adoption, and to whom adoption professionals are accountable. Questions examined in the book include the extent to which there has been a commodification of children placed with adoptive families, how the adoption process is regulated and by whom, the impact of resources on the roles of birth and adoptive parents, the relevance of accountability in adoption, and how market forces undermine ethical adoption practice. The book concludes by noting that although powerful market forces are in play, professionals from all fields of adoption are raising questions about the ethics of current practice and are challenging policies that may have been tolerated, and therefore, the environment may be ready for reshaping the forces that drive adoption. (Contains 194 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Adopted Children, Adoption, Adoptive Parents, Advertising, Biological Parents, Child Welfare, Children, Disabilities, Economic Factors, Ethics, Federal Legislation, Foster Care, Free Enterprise System, Infants, Marketing, Minority Groups, Power Structure, Social Differences, Standards, Supply and Demand
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Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Washington, DC.; Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Inst., New York, NY.