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ERIC Number: ED457967
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Self-Regulated Problem-Solving Awareness of American and Korean Children.
Gorrell, Jeffrey; Hwang, Young Suk; Chung, Kap Soon
As part of a cross-cultural investigation of self-regulated learning, this study investigated American and South Korean children's knowledge of appropriate self-regulation in a variety of settings. Participating in the study were 120 South Korean and 95 American children, nearly equally divided between males and females in each of 3 grades--first, third, and fifth. Children were presented with 20 hypothetical situations highlighting self-regulation issues related to problem solving within and outside the classroom. Six personal self-regulation questions followed. Two raters separately coded children's responses into five categories: no strategy, direct effort, active practice, help from others, and other strategies. Results indicated that Korean children had higher self-regulation scores on non-school-based problems than American children, whereas American children had higher self-regulation scores on school-based problems than did Korean children. Third and fifth graders had higher self-regulation scores than first graders. Cultural differences were evident in the type of strategies selected for problem solving. Grade differences support a developmental trend in metacognition for older children to have more elaborate and advanced understanding of learning strategies. (Two appendices include the interview questions and description of log-linear analysis techniques. Contains 25 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea; United States