ERIC Number: ED457795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychological Adaptation of International and Migrant Students in Canada.
Leung, Cynthia M.; Berry, John W.
This study aimed to examine the psychological adaptation of international and migrant students in light of various individual variables including social self-efficacy, locus of control, age, sex, generational status, acculturating group membership, length of residence in the host society, and acculturation strategy. Participants were 197 university students attending a university in Ontario, Canada. There were 90 Anglo-Celtic Canadians, 35 second generation migrants, 40 first generation migrants, and 32 international students. The results indicated that the Anglo-Celt Canadians endorsed chance locus of control less than the first generation migrants, and the international students reported lower social self-efficacy than the Anglo-Celtic Canadians and second generation migrants. High academic satisfaction was predicted by a locus of control of weak belief in powerful others and high social self-efficacy. Low psychological distress was predicted by high social self-efficacy and weak belief in chance locus of control. Among first generation migrants and international students, there was a relationship between degree of Canadian identification, importance of being a Canadian, and social self-efficacy. Among the international students, the older students were more satisfied with their academic work but reported higher levels of stress than the younger ones. The implications of these findings for providing services to students are discussed. (Contains 5 tables and 28 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada