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ERIC Number: ED457726
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Multiple Race Reporting. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.
Dahra, Amita; Howard, Kyland
For more than 20 years the standards set in Statistical Policy Directive No. 15 of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) have provided a common language to define and group the social constructs of "race" and "ethnicity." The definitions were developed to provide consistency in the collection of data by various federal agencies. Since the beginning of the last decade, the categories specified by the OMB have come under criticism for not reflecting the increasing diversity of the United States appropriately. In 1997, in response to this criticism, the OMB modified the existing categories. This paper discusses the modification process, the changes made, and the result of an experiment by the University of Maryland in using one of the new formats. The University decided to investigate the categories for its freshman population if OMB's questionnaire and tabulation guidelines were used. Since Maryland's undergraduate application contained race data under the single-race reporting format (choice of only one racial category), it was possible to match the applications to responses to a freshman survey that used the combined format. This option treated the choice of Hispanic ethnicity as a race and gave respondents six categories from which to choose. Approximately 5% of the freshmen selected more than one racial identity when the option was given to them. Other analyses have provided similar results. The paper discusses the implications of these findings and ways of using self-report data. An appendix provides definitions for the old and new categories. (Contains 4 tables and 12 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A