ERIC Number: ED457634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Review of the Literature Regarding the Efficacy of Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Lingenfelter, Jennifer E.
This document presents a review of the most recent literature regarding the efficacy of electroencephalographic biofeedback, more commonly known as neurofeedback, in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The studies reviewed indicated that neurofeedback can be a successful component of treating attentional deficits and can potentially enhance IQ scores, academic improvement, pro-social behaviors, and decrease behavioral and cognitive difficulties typically associated with ADHD. Standard treatment with neurofeedback can take anywhere from 20-80 sessions or more depending on the individual. The review also incorporates a new trend in the literature to add an adjunctive procedure known as Instantaneous Neuronal Activation Procedure (INAP), a form of active alert hypnosis. The subset of studies reviewed that combine INAP with neurofeedback provide evidence in support of successful treatment of ADHD at a greatly accelerated pace. The literature review also considers this new technique and the subsequent implications for treatment. The paper concludes that while the studies did not prove conclusively that neurofeedback is guaranteed to remediate all of a child's or adult's attentional symptoms, they definitely demonstrated a large degree of success as an alternative to the more traditional treatments. (Contains 35 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University.