ERIC Number: ED457491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Nonspecific Factors in Alcohol and Unsafe Sex Treatment.
Cecero, John J.; Hensl, Kursten B.; Russo, Paul M.
The relationship between the nonspecific factors of therapeutic alliance and motivation with outcome has been demonstrated across treatment modalities, and specifically in the treatment of alcohol dependence. The present study was designed to evaluate the association of these factors with treatment outcome in a preliminary sample of problem drinking men-who-have-sex-with-men and engage in unsafe sex. It hypothesized a positive association between therapeutic alliance and percentage of session attendance; and positive associations between three self reported motivational statements for alcohol, unsafe sex, and session attendance. Fifty-five participants enrolled in a clinical trial to reduce alcohol intake and unsafe sex were included in the study. Contrary to expectations, a positive association was not found between alliance and outcome. Among the motivational statements, only the readiness to change for alcohol was correlated with outcome. The stability of self efficacy and risk assessment across alcohol and sexual behaviors may suggest that these motivational statements represent a more stable trait than can generalize across behaviors. Findings are consistent with the notion that change in one's self efficacy or risk assessment for one behavior may result in changes in motivation for another behavior. (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association (109th, San Francisco, CA, August 24-28, 2001).