ERIC Number: ED457476
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Consistency and Change in Correlates of Youth Substance Abuse, 1976-1997. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 49.
Brown, Tony N.; Schulenberg, John; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.
Researchers have seldom examined whether risk and protective factors are consistently linked to substance use across historical time. Using nationally representative data collected from 22 consecutive cohorts of high school seniors (approximate N=188,000) from the Monitoring the Future project, this study investigated whether correlates of substance use, and variance explained by domains of correlates, changed across historical time. The study found a high degree of consistency across historical time in predictors of past month cigarette use, past month alcohol use, past year marijuana use, and past year cocaine use. Some predictors such as religiosity, political beliefs, truancy, and frequent evenings out were consistently linked to substance use. The consistency of other predictors such as region, parental education, and college plans was contingent in part upon historical time period, the particular substance, and its level of use. The study also found that correlates within the Academics domain explained the most variance in substance use over the past two decades. (Contains 4 tables and 34 references.) (Author/JDM)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Beliefs, Cocaine, Drinking, High School Seniors, High Schools, Illegal Drug Use, Longitudinal Studies, Marijuana, Parent Background, Regional Characteristics, Resilience (Personality), Smoking, Sociocultural Patterns, Substance Abuse, Trend Analysis, Truancy
Monitoring the Future, Inst. for Social Research, Univ. of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Education Africa, Gauteng, South Africa.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.