ERIC Number: ED457354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Career Outcomes for Youth: Lessons from the U.S. and OECD Experience. Research and Evaluation Monograph Series.
Lerman, Robert I.
Efforts to improve career outcomes for youth in the United States and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries were reviewed. The review focused on the following topics: trends in the employment and schooling levels of youth in OECD countries; the emerging consensus on preparing all youth for careers; and approaches for dealing with disadvantaged youth. A strong consensus that close institutional links between industries and schools are critical to improving career outcomes appeared to be emerging in most OECD countries. Most countries were moving to strengthen vocational education, especially work-based programs leading to certification and involving work-based and contextualized learning. Although standard training programs for disadvantaged out-of-school youth were rarely effective, the experience with job creation demonstrations was somewhat more positive. Programs closely linked with industry sectors and programs offering realistic pathways to careers appeared promising. The following were among the guidelines presented for new school-to-career demonstrations: (1) emphasize programs to help young people develop careers rather than to simply find employment; (2) promote entry into existing apprenticeship programs and expand apprenticeship into new arenas; and (3) continue to provide options for community service employment but require sponsors to do better in linking graduates to future education, certification, and career options. (Contains 58 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Articulation (Education), Career Development, Comparative Education, Conservation (Environment), Construction (Process), Delivery Systems, Demonstration Programs, Developed Nations, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropouts, Early Parenthood, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Qualifications, Entrepreneurship, Foreign Countries, High Risk Students, Job Skills, Job Training, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Partnerships in Education, Policy Formation, Remedial Instruction, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs, Youth Employment, Youth Problems
For full text: http://wdr.doleta.gov/opr/fulltext/01-oecd.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Policy and Research.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Japan; United States