ERIC Number: ED457256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Why Are Black Employers More Likely Than White Employers To Hire Blacks? Discussion Paper.
Stoll, Michael A.; Raphael, Steven; Holzer, Harry J.
This study investigated why black employers tend to hire blacks at higher rates than do white employers and examined individual steps in the hiring process, the role of the hiring agent's race, and the degree to which variation in black application rates related to differences in observable characteristics, such as an establishment's physical proximity to black residential areas and access to public transit. Data came from the 1992-1994 Multi-City Employer Survey, which includes a representative sample of firms in Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles. Telephone surveys of those in charge of hiring examined racial characteristics, firm characteristics, hiring and screening behavior, job skill demands and requirements, employment outcomes, and the firm's distance from various populations by race. Overall, the black application rate was much higher at firms with black than white employers. Black employers were more likely to hire blacks because they received applications from blacks and hired them out of the black applicant pool at greater rates than did white employers. Black employers also discriminated less against blacks. Firm characteristics and black customers explained important but smaller proportions of the differences between black and white employers in the hiring of blacks. (Contains 7 tables and 25 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Black Employment, Blacks, Employees, Employer Attitudes, Employers, Personnel Selection, Racial Differences, Racial Factors
Institute for Research on Poverty, 1180 Observatory Dr., Madison, WI 53706. For full text: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.