ERIC Number: ED456987
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
In Living Context: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Rethinking Rural Prevention.
Evaluations of national prevention programs have found that they are not successful in reducing or preventing drug abuse. Local context must drive the design and development of prevention programs. Context is essential for success, and stereotypes concerning rural areas should be avoided. Local prevention efforts ought to be driven by sound inquiry into the local nature of substance use. Beyond a community-wide needs assessment, an ethnographic component designed to reveal how community members perceive substance use and abuse issues should be used in developing the prevention curriculum. In other words, prevention practitioners must develop an insider's understanding of drinking and drug taking to make the prevention message meaningful. The design and delivery of prevention curricula also need to take into account current information and knowledge regarding the most effective instructional methods and the ways in which young people learn best. Traditional models of education based on didactic principles are likely to be ineffective in terms of students' learning of prevention-oriented materials. Many traditional models of education no longer conform to young persons' understanding of the world, which is based on observation and experience. Prevention practitioners must weave the local context of substance use and abuse into standard curriculum areas and disseminate materials that are significant, relevant, and interesting to young people. (Contains 35 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: Community Attitudes, Context Effect, Cultural Context, Educational Needs, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Prevention, Program Design, Relevance (Education), Rural Areas, Substance Abuse, Teaching Methods
For full text: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/Monographs/Monograph168/Download168.html.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Rural Substance Abuse: State of Knowledge and Issues. NIDA Research Monograph 168; see RC 023 179.