ERIC Number: ED456985
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
The Prevention of Alcohol Use by Rural Youth.
D'Onofrio, Carol N.
Little is known about preventing alcohol use by youth in rural America, and almost no rural alcohol prevention program has been evaluated. To address these deficiencies, this paper critically examines the issue of alcohol use by rural youth within a public health framework. The literature is reviewed to identify what is known about the prevalence of rural teenage drinking and heavy drinking; demographic correlates of rural adolescent drinking; consequences of alcohol use by rural youth; causes of rural adolescent drinking related to family, peers, school, and personality; the ecology of alcohol use by rural youth; and macro characteristics of the rural environment that influence adolescent drinking. An overview of current prevention efforts is then provided. These include school-based programs (classroom alcohol and drug education, extracurricular activities, student intervention services, peer-managed self-monitoring, parent involvement); community-based programs (youth programs, media campaigns, community coalitions and networking, grassroots movements); and policy approaches (laws and their enforcement). Next, the match between problem and solution is assessed to reveal gaps in knowledge about rural teenage drinking and discrepancies between available knowledge and current prevention practice. The analysis focuses on problem definition, program design and implementation, and program evaluation. Extensive recommendations are offered for policy and research. (Contains 292 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Education, Drinking, Elementary Secondary Education, Etiology, Prevention, Program Design, Public Health, Research Needs, Risk, Rural Environment, Rural Youth, School Activities, Social Environment
For full text: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/Monographs/Monograph168/Download168.html.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Rural Substance Abuse: State of Knowledge and Issues. NIDA Research Monograph 168; see RC 023 179.