ERIC Number: ED456984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Economic and Social Costs of Drug Abuse among the Rural Population.
Donnermeyer, Joseph F.
This paper presents a framework for assessing the economic and social costs of drug abuse in rural areas. The first section considers definitions for three key sets of concepts: (1) what is rural, the great diversity within rural contexts, and how to distinguish rural from urban; (2) the nature of social costs, as they affect communities as well as individuals; and (3) how societal costs might be measured. A four-part typology of direct and indirect economic and social costs at the individual and societal levels is then presented and illustrated with examples from rural research. Among the economic costs are costs of substances and treatment (direct individual costs); lost worker output and productivity (indirect individual costs); public expenditures for law enforcement, social services, and drug prevention and education programs (direct societal costs); and the value of productivity lost by perpetrators and victims of drug-related crime and by family caretakers of drug abusers (indirect societal costs). Among the social costs are school failure and dropping out, criminal and delinquent behavior, victimization, and conflicts with family and peers (direct individual costs); alterations in interaction patterns of persons in direct contact with drug abusers (indirect individual costs); reallocation of school time to implement prevention programs and of police resources and manpower to enforce drug laws and address drug-related crime (direct societal costs); and societal reactions to substance abuse, such as avoidance behaviors and altered perceptions of quality of life (indirect societal costs). (Contains 61 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Costs, Crime, Drug Abuse, Economic Impact, Illegal Drug Use, Rural Areas, Rural Population, Rural Youth, Social Environment, Student School Relationship
For full text: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/Monographs/Monograph168/Download168.html.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Coll. of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.; Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster.; National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A