ERIC Number: ED456927
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Research Perspectives: Past, Present, and Future. A View from the Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism. 2001 Edition.
Blum, Barbara B.; Francis, Jennifer Farnsworth
Research continues to provide valuable information about the effects of welfare changes on families receiving public assistance. This working paper is the third in a series of three examining what has been learned since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996. Following an introduction outlining the goals and outcomes of PRWORA, the paper delineates questions salient to the reauthorization of the act related to state spending/supplantation, caseload dynamics, employment, income, family composition/formation, special populations, amelioration of negative effects through interventions, and effects of a serious recession. The paper further presents highlights of research findings from the 1970s to 2000 pertinent to PRWORA objectives and identifies key areas remaining to be addressed. The research methodology issues requiring action are described, including utilizing existing technological resources, implementing interventions effectively, disseminating findings, synthesizing findings, examining specific populations, promoting the development of new controlled experiments, and including input from grassroots organizations and advocates. The paper concludes by noting that the past 5 years have witnessed cataclysmic changes in social welfare programs providing cash assistance. Further, the paper asserts that states and localities: (1) need to be encouraged to support the working poor by enhancing income with benefits; (2) need to mainstream vulnerable individuals into a range of services traditionally not receptive to low-income populations; and (3) address children's needs. The paper's appendix lists reviewed and unreviewed projects in the Research Forum Database, with publication contact information. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Chase Manhattan Foundations, New York, NY.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Children in Poverty, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act