ERIC Number: ED456589
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Federal Disability Terms: A Review of State Use. Quick Turn Around (QTA).
Muller, Eve; Linehan, Patrice
This Quick Turn Around issue analysis summarizes information gathered by Project FORUM on the disability terms used by state education agencies (SEAs). All 50 states and 6 non-state jurisdictions returned completed surveys between February and April 2001. Of the 56 respondents, 18 SEAs report having aligned their terminology completely with the 12 federal disability terms. Seven other states report using all but one of the exact federal disability terms. One of these seven states replaces "specific learning disabilities" with the similar term "learning disability." One state explicitly uses the term "visual impairment including blindness" in place of the federal category for "visual impairment," and another state does not use the category "multiple disabilities." In the four others, an alternate term is used in place of "mental retardation" and/or "emotional disturbance." Results from the survey indicate SEAs are most likely to use exact federal disability terms for the two newest disability categories required for federal reporting, autism and traumatic brain injury. SEAs were least likely to use the exact federal disability term "emotional disturbance." Although 36 SEAs use the exact term, 20 use alternate terms such as emotional disability, behaviorally disordered, and emotional/behavioral disability. (CR)
Descriptors: Classification, Definitions, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, National Surveys, Special Education, State Programs, Vocabulary
National Association of State Directors of Special Education, 1800 Diagonal Rd., Suite 320, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 703-519-3800, ext. 312; Tel: 703-519-7008 (TDD). For full text: http://www.nasde.org/forum.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments 1997