ERIC Number: ED456545
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Implementing Education Reforms in New Zealand, 1987-97: A Case Study. The Education Reform and Management Series, Vol. 1, No. 1.
In 1987 New Zealand faced multiple economic problems and high unemployment. A flexible and responsive education system was needed to produce the skills, attitudes, and learning required for New Zealand's future. The primary objective was decentralizing authority to school level. This book emphasizes the process of successful reform, rather than the impact on learning outcomes. The emphasis for change was on kindergarten through eighth grade. The first section concentrates on the economic and political context for change, including the Prime Minister's efforts to enlist public support and provide clear guidelines for implementing the reforms. The second section considers the implementation process. Necessary preconditions, planning procedures, and the importance of public entrepreneurs are discussed. How consensus building, early communications strategies, conflict resolution, and compromise overcame even a change of government is explained. Also discussed is the way in which the reforms were rapidly put into effect before the next election cycle. The third section considers the unresolved issues of teacher labor relations, funding levels, local control issues, and learning outcomes. There is also a review of lessons learned for any reform initiated by government leaders. (Contains 43 references.) (RKJ)
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, School District Reorganization, School District Spending, Standardized Tests
Education Reform and Management Team, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 202-473-1825; Fax: 202-522-3233; e-mail: BBruns@worldbank.org. For full text: http://www.worldbank.org/education/globaleducationreform/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand