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ERIC Number: ED456544
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Education Reform in Australia, 1992-97. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series, Vol. 1, No. 2.
Pascoe, Susan; Pascoe, Robert
This document reports on an in-depth study of the implementation of systemic reform in the state of Victoria. Called Schools of the Future, the reform was significant in its scale and complexity. Within 4 years in Victoria achieved the lowest per-pupil expenditure of any state of Australia. Data on academic achievements have been fragmentary and contradictory. In 1992 a majority of the government formed an educational agenda. The ensuing reforms included schools with site-based management, schools and principals made accountable, parents given more information and more access to decision-making, the reduction of the central bureaucracy, and increased power for school councils and principals in the school. Principals were the primary agents of the agenda; union officials were excluded. Teachers were promised that there would be no staff reductions. There were financial incentives to accept performance evaluation or retire early. Communication and feedback were focused on principals and the public and continued from the initial introduction through the implementation of changes. Vocational Education Training and higher education also changed through different methods and in a different order, as explained in an appendix. This is a study in the implementation of any political policy with emphasis on buying off agents of change, preempting obstruction, controlling communication channels, and ensuring that all parties have (or feel they have) ownership of their part of the deal. The bibliography includes interviews and newspaper articles. (RKJ)
Education Reform and Management Team, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 202-473-1825; Fax: 202-522-3233; e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Australia