ERIC Number: ED456538
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
The Effect of Sociability Self-Concept on Adolescent Perceptions of Safety at School.
Miller, Janice Williams
This study examined middle-school students' sociability self-concept and their perceptions of safety at school. A total of 421 students were administered anonymous questionnaires assessing perceived sociability self-concept and school safety. They were asked to rate their concern with, and exposure to, violence in four critical areas: use of physical force, being bullied, having property stolen, and being threatened with a weapon. Results indicated that students who reported more violent incidents occurring at school also tended to be more concerned about school violence. Statistical analysis of results shows that sociability appears to be a moderator variable, in that the effect of exposure on concern varied as a function of sociability. Overall, those students who had witnessed violence around them were inclined to report more concern, whereas those with less exposure were less concerned about the potential for school violence. Results suggest that building strength in sociability self-concept may benefit all students. Implementing supportive programs that include sociability self-concept may provide educational practitioners with an important strategy to enhance the resiliency of early adolescents. The report ends with 18 references and a table giving mean scores for adolescent concern about violence by exposure across levels of sociability. (RT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).