ERIC Number: ED456483
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Protecting Student Press Freedoms: An Analysis of Statutory Protection for Student Publications in the Post-"Hazelwood" Years.
Soter, Cyndi Verell
A study explored, through a review of the literature, specific problems that scholars have identified regarding free expression in student publications since "Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier" (1988). It then analyzed the six state statutes which were passed to clarify the extent of school administrators' rights to censor student journalism and provide protection for student expression in Arkansas, California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, and Massachusetts to determine whether the statutes adequately address those problems. Findings revealed that many similarities exist among the statutes--all six make some mention of students' rights to free expression, specify some element or elements to be included in local policies, and identify certain types of unprotected speech; but none of the statutes addresses all of the student press law problems and recommendations identified by the Student Press Law Center and discussed in the literature review. Only one statute (Colorado) identifies student publications as public fora, but the other five use different language to suggest a similar status. All but one of the statutes require written policies for student publications, specifying such details as distribution of the publications and the policies, duties of student editors and journalism advisers, etc. None of the statutes protects specific categories of speech, but all prohibit certain types of unacceptable expression. In states without such statutes, student journalists are not likely to be able to change the situation without help from professional teacher and journalism organizations, lobbyists, community members, and parents. (Contains 90 notes.) (NKA)
Descriptors: Censorship, Elementary Secondary Education, Freedom of Speech, Government Role, Literature Reviews, Public Schools, Scholastic Journalism, State Legislation, Student Publications, Student Rights
For full text: http://list.msu.edu/archives/aejmc.html.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas; California; Colorado; Iowa; Kansas; Massachusetts
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Hazelwood School District v Kuhlmeier