ERIC Number: ED456376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
African American College Students: Establishing HIV Prevention Programs.
African American college students are among the age group of African Americans who are at significantly higher risk for heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Much of the research in this area suggests that for the majority of these students, there is little or no relationship between the knowledge of HIV transmission and safer sexual behavior. Simply being knowledgeable about HIV transmission is not sufficient to change risky sexual behavior. None of the research clearly elucidates the factors that serve as barriers to those who either fail to use condoms or do so inconsistently. Based on this literature review, it is apparent that the barriers to practicing safer sex are complex. Several recommendations are included on developing HIV prevention programs for African American college students. HIV prevention might be best included within the context of more general health promotion campaigns. Sustained effort is needed to build trust and credibility between the African American community and prevention program staff. Health beliefs and how they may impact preventive measures need to be identified. Privacy and ease of accessibility to HIV testing must be assured. Peer influence must be taken into account, and education about use and availability must be considered. (Contains 23 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A