ERIC Number: ED456249
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Three-Year Impacts of Connecticut's Jobs First Welfare Reform Initiative.
Hendra, Richard; Michalopoulos, Charles; Bloom, Dan
The Connecticut Jobs First welfare reform initiative, implemented statewide in 1996, includes a 21-month time limit on cash assistance, generous financial work incentives, and other features. Its primary goal is to reduce welfare use and increase self-sufficiency through work. To facilitate evaluation of the program, between January 1996 and February 1997, several thousand welfare applicants and recipients were assigned, at random, to one of two groups: the Jobs First group, or the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) group, which is subject to the prior welfare rules. Data collected in early 2000 from the program's implementation and estimates of its impacts on employment, public assistance receipt, income, and other outcomes was analyzed to determine the Jobs First's impact after 3 years. Key findings were the following: (1) Jobs First continues to have a positive impact on employment; (2) Jobs First generated substantial reductions in cash assistance receipt and payments in Year 3; (3) the Jobs First and AFDC groups had about the same average income in Year 3, although, consistent with the program's goals, the Jobs First group derived a greater proportion of its income from earnings; (4) the most impressive employment gains continue to be experienced by the most disadvantaged subgroup; and (5) only a small fraction of the Jobs First group received benefits continuously through the 3 years, and many of those who did worked while on welfare. A final evaluation will follow the groups for 4 years and examine Jobs First's impacts on the children of participants. (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Community Development, Disadvantaged, Employment Potential, Employment Programs, Job Skills, Job Training, Poverty Programs, Program Effectiveness, State Programs, Unemployment, Wages, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.; Connecticut State Dept. of Social Services, Hartford.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; ARCO Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children