ERIC Number: ED456248
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Neighborhood Jobs Initiative (NJI): An Early Report on the Vision and Challenges of Bringing an Employment Focus to a Community-Building Initiative.
Molina, Frieda; Nelson, Laura C.
The Neighborhood Jobs Initiative (NJI) began in 1998 in five cities (Chicago, Fort Worth, Hartford, New York, and Washington, D.C.) in 1998. The NJI targets high-poverty urban neighborhoods, attempting to connect residents to employment opportunities nearby and in the urban periphery by providing training, supporting interpersonal networks, and facilitating access to financial and other supports for work. While each site tailored its approach to local circumstances, all the sites shared the goal of bringing the level of adult employment among neighborhood residents to the level of the surrounding region over a period of several years. During the first phase, all the organizations worked to raise key issues and implement steps, such as defining the neighborhood boundaries, helping community-based organizations build work force development capacity, forging and maintaining partnerships with the public sector, forging and maintaining partnerships with other nonprofit service providers, focusing on employment, stabilizing staff, and designing and delivering effective technical assistance. Initial evaluation of the NJI provides these positive lessons: (1) providing sites with a clear goal helps them focus their plans and energies; (2) providing local, consistent technical assistance helps keep the project on track; and (3) even organizations with no previous experience in the employment field can develop effective jobs programs for their communities. (An appendix describes program implementation at each of the five sites.) (Contains 28 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Community Development, Cooperative Planning, Demonstration Programs, Employment Programs, Institutional Cooperation, Models, Poverty, Poverty Programs, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Program Improvement, Social Agencies, Technical Assistance, Urban Programs
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.; Chase Manhattan Foundations, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; New York Times Foundation, NY.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut (Hartford); District of Columbia; Illinois (Chicago); New York (New York); Texas (Fort Worth)