ERIC Number: ED456247
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Monitoring Outcomes for Cuyahoga County's Welfare Leavers: How Are They Faring?
Verma, Nandita; Coulton, Claudia
A Cuyahoga County, Ohio, study focused on two cohorts: pre-Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) leavers who left in the third quarter of 1996 and post-TANF leavers who left in the third quarter of 1998. Outcomes were examined for about 6,151 adult welfare leavers. Findings indicated the rate of leaving welfare increased between 1996-98; background characteristics of pre- and post-TANF leavers differed slightly; women who exited cash assistance in 1998 were more likely to find work, but employment tended to be unstable for a significant proportion; 1996 and 1998 leavers generally had low earnings and little earnings growth in their first year off cash assistance; women with less than stable work history were more likely to report barriers to work; close to a third of the sample reported receiving help for paying child care costs since they left welfare; most recipients who left welfare did not return within one year of exit; welfare recidivism rates remained unchanged between 1996-98; those least likely to sustain steady employment were more likely to return to welfare; between 1996-98, rates of post-exit participation in Food Stamp and Medicaid programs increased; about 57 percent of families leaving cash assistance lived in households with incomes below the poverty threshold; and post-exit material hardship varied by respondents' work status in the follow-up period. (Appendixes contain a survey response analysis and 21 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Females, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Predictor Variables, State Federal Aid, Unemployment, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org/. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2001/UC-Cuyahoga-WelfareLeavers/U C-Cuy ahoga-WelfareLeavers.pdf.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.; Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH.
Identifiers - Location: Ohio
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families