ERIC Number: ED456242
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
State Opportunities To Provide Access to Postsecondary Education under TANF. Revised.
Greenberg, Mark; Strawn, Julie; Plimpton, Lisa
States can use Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and state maintenance of effort (MOE) funds to foster access to postsecondary education (PE) for low income parents. Access matters because success of welfare reform depends on helping welfare recipients work steadily and find better jobs; neither of the two most commonly tried welfare-to-work (WTW) strategies have typically achieved this. Research on WTW programs shows programs that helped welfare recipients find better jobs typically included a job training or PE component. A state can use TANF and MOE funds to support access to PE in these ways: the TANF 24-month work requirement need not force a state to restrict access to PE; participation in PE only counts to a limited extent toward TANF participation rates, but states can adopt a range of strategies to allow access to PE without jeopardizing a state's ability to meet required rates; a state can structure its policies so that months in which a parent participates in PE do not count against time limits; a state can use TANF funds to support PE outside the welfare system and MOE funds to support PE outside the TANF; and a state can design programs to support participation in PE after a family enters employment. A growing number of states are moving to expand access to PE within their TANF and MOE programs. (A paper, How Much Has Participation in PE and Training Fallen Under TANF? is appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Compliance (Legal), Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, Low Income Groups, Parents, Postsecondary Education, State Federal Aid, State Legislation, State Programs, Welfare Recipients
For full text: http://www.clasp.org/pubs/jobseducation/postsecondary.final.PDF.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families