ERIC Number: ED456226
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Review and Lessons Learned of Phare Vocational Education and Training Reform Programmes, 1993-1998. Report.
Viertel, Evelyn; Grootings, Peter
The effectiveness of Phare vocational education and training (VET) reform programs conducted in 13 Eastern and Central European countries in 1993-1998 and lessons learned from the programs were examined through a review of information from the following sources: a cross-country analysis on curricular reform; a review of technical evaluation reports on 10 of the 13 countries; and ad hoc interviews with key participants in the programs. The reform efforts were found to have been especially successful in those countries where the national, regional, and local levels had worked jointly to achieve common targets in a complementary top-down and bottom-up approach. The following were among the key lessons learned: (1) countries need time and resources to reflect upon different VET methodologies and adapt them to their own local contexts; (2) local actors should be empowered to develop solutions that work in their specific country contexts and cultures; (3) VET reform should be a combined learning and strategic development process; and (4) VET policies should be embedded within a lifelong learning context. (Ten appendixes detail the main outcomes and findings from Phare VET reform efforts in the following countries: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Poland; the Czech Republic; the Slovak Republic; Romania; Bulgaria; Slovenia; and Albania.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Change Agents, Change Strategies, Comparative Education, Curriculum Development, Delivery Systems, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Equipment, Educational Improvement, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, Information Dissemination, Innovation, Job Training, Lifelong Learning, Management Development, Needs Assessment, Organizational Development, Partnerships in Education, Pilot Projects, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Secondary Education, Strategic Planning, Teacher Education, Technical Assistance, Vocational Education
For full text: http://www.etf.eu.int/etfweb.nsf/pages/downloadccpubgenfiles /$file/Pharevetreview.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Identifiers - Location: European Union