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ERIC Number: ED456204
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reflections on Affirmative Action: Its Origins, Virtues, Enemies, Champions, and Prospects.
Gaston, Paul M.
This chapter reflects on the civil rights movement and affirmative action at the University of Virginia from the 1960s to 1999, when affirmative action was challenged by people claiming that it discriminated against new groups. It describes how affirmative action changed the author's teaching at the University as he challenged deep-rooted racial beliefs. The chapter suggests that affirmative action is essential to higher education for the pursuit of justice and the health of U.S. society. It details the attack on affirmative action, describing differences between what opponents of affirmative action call racial discrimination and what actual racial discrimination involves. It explains what affirmative action means to education, noting that misconceptions about the admission process often spring from unexamined assumptions that universities base their admissions offers on estimates of candidates' academic promise. In reality, universities typically do not base their admission offers on estimates of academic ability alone but instead also consider interests, needs, talents, skills, sex, race, nationality, and residence. The principle of affirmative action laid out by Justice Lewis Powell of Virginia states that race may be legitimately considered where it is simply one element, to be weighed fairly against other elements, in the selection process. (Contains 20 endnotes.) (SM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A