ERIC Number: ED456176
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing the Impact of Welfare Reform on Urban Communities: The Urban Change Project and Methodological Considerations. The Project on Devolution and Urban Change.
Michalopoulos, Charles; Bos, Johannes M.; Lalonde, Robert; Verma, Nandita
This paper describes the design of a study intended to examine the devolution of welfare in four cities. The study will measure the economic effects of new policies on individual and potential welfare recipients; describe the new programs and policies as they are put in place; examine the experiences of a small number of families; look at how the new policies and funding mechanisms affect both for-profit institutions and nonprofit and public service delivery systems; and assess changes in the social and economic vitality of neighborhoods. The study focuses on the portion of the impact analysis that uses administrative data. It uses a multiple cohort design, in which a group of those receiving welfare or at risk of receiving welfare will be followed over time, and their outcomes will be compared. The paper describes: a model of the impacts of welfare reform (the treatments and predicted effects); the proposed design (a multiple cohort analysis); hypothetical examples of multiple cohort analysis; random assignment evaluation as multiple cohort analysis; national variation in outcomes across cohorts; selecting cohorts; and data sources. An appendix presents econometrics of the multiple cohort design. (SM)
Descriptors: Cohort Analysis, Research Methodology, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: ARCO Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.; Union Carbide Corp., Danbury, CT.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; California Wellness Foundation.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.