ERIC Number: ED456175
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Big Cities and Welfare Reform: Early Implementation and Ethnographic Findings from the Project on Devolution and Urban Change.
Quint, Janet; Edin, Kathryn; Buck, Maria L.; Fink, Barbara; Padilla, Yolanda C.; Simmons-Hewitt, Olis; Valmont, Mary Eustace
This is the first report on the Project on Devolution and Urban Change, a multidisciplinary 5-year study of welfare reform in 4 large urban counties and their major cities (Cleveland, Los Angeles, Miami, and Philadelphia). It uses data from interviews and focus groups conducted with welfare agency officials and line staff, observations of staff-client interactions, and ethnographic interviews and focus groups with welfare recipients. The cities have changed welfare's function from one of entitlement to one of temporary help and have put in place welfare-to-work programs that emphasize quick entry into the labor force. Welfare recipients themselves support welfare reform's focus on getting recipients off welfare and into work, although many continuously worry about the effect of the new policies on those unable to find jobs. To date, sites have not seen a fraying of their social safety nets. Three of the urban change states have passed down to their localities some of the decision making authority granted under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act. While there are many similarities from city to city, there is also considerable policy variation. (Contains 18 references.) (SM)
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; California Wellness Foundation.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles); Florida (Miami); Ohio (Cleveland); Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act