ERIC Number: ED456151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Multifaceted Measurement of Critical Thinking Skills in College Students.
Williams, Kelly; Wise, Steven L.; West, Richard F.
This study was conducted to measure the development of critical thinking in college students through the creation of instruments to measure critical thinking skills. A Critical Thinking Assessment (CTA) was developed based on other such instruments and the literature. This instrument was tested in a pilot study involving 750 incoming university freshmen and a subsequent study of the revised instrument involving 730 sophomores. The CTA was designed to measure four skill areas: analysis, evaluation, inference, and interpretation. An instrument to measure student dispositions, a shortened version of the measure of actively open-minded thinking (AOT) of K. Stanovich and R. West (1997), was administered to the same students. The Ways We Think (WWT) metacognition evaluation was administered to 196 sophomores in February 2001. A Writing Rubric (CTWRITE) is also under development. In spite of the limitations of sample size and the possibility that the sample may not generalize beyond James Madison University, the data indicate that the CTA, the AOT, and the WWT measures demonstrate adequate reliability for making group-level inferences. The psychometric properties of these instruments are equal to, if not better, than other instruments measuring similar domains. (Contains 31 references, 4 figures, and 6 tables.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).