ERIC Number: ED456134
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Standardized Tests as a Means of Assessment of Young Children: A Review of Related Literature and Recommendations of Alternative Assessments for Administrators and Teachers.
Meadows, Stacie; Karr-Kidwell, P. J.
An extensive review of literature related to the role of standardized tests in the assessment of young children was conducted, and recommendations were made for alternative approaches more appropriate to the assessment of young children. The first section of the paper contains a literature review that provides a brief history of standardized tests and an explanation of their use in elementary schools. The second section draws on the literature to identify conflicting attitudes towards standardized tests and their use as the sole means of assessment in public schools. The pros and cons of standardized testing are examined in section 3 using research-based studies from the last 20 years. The fourth section deals with the negative outcomes of labeling young children, and the fifth section contains recommendations for elementary-level administrators and teachers about alternative and authentic assessment measures such as portfolios, open-ended questions, classroom observations, and other alternatives. The last section discussed these potential alternatives and incorporated the findings from informal discussions with three elementary school teachers and two administrators. These discussions yielded some practical ideas that could be applied easily in diverse classrooms to create a positive atmosphere for young students and their successes. Examples of different types of alternative assessments are presented in an appendix to help administrators and teachers choose appropriate assessments. (Contains 64 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A