ERIC Number: ED455971
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Economic Impact of Welfare Reform on Arkansas Families. Special Report.
Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families, Little Rock.
In 1997, the Transitional Employment Assistance (TEA) program was established in Arkansas as the state's version of welfare reform. Although there has been a 44 percent decrease in TEA cash assistance since the program's inception, questions continue regarding the impact of welfare reform on families with children. This report highlights some of the major findings from recent evaluations of the program. Seventy-five percent of families leaving TEA faced at least one major barrier to employment, with transportation and child care reported as the biggest barriers. The more barriers families faced after leaving TEA, the less likely they were to be employed. Although nearly 70 percent of families worked during at least one of the four quarters after leaving TEA, most did not have continual employment. Of those working, 71 percent reported full-time employment. Although most families earned low wages after leaving the TEA program, the 18 percent of families reporting continuous employment during 2 years had increases in their wages over that period. Nearly 75 percent of families leaving TEA still earned below the federal poverty line. About 56 percent of former adult TEA recipients and 19 percent of the children lack health insurance. Economic hardships were reported as not substantially different from those reported while receiving TEA assistance, with lack of utilities and health care reported as the most common hardships. Enrollment in support services such as food stamps declined after leaving TEA. The Arkansas TEA program compared favorably to those of other states. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families, Little Rock.
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas