ERIC Number: ED455883
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The History and Development of Community Colleges in the United States.
Mellow, Gail O.
This speech about the history and development of the community college in the United States was delivered at a seminar entitled "New Options for Higher Education in Latin America: Lessons from the Community Colleges Experience." The author gives a brief history of the development of the community college, discusses the mission of community colleges today, and explains how these colleges will remain vital in the future. Although the first community college was established in 1901, it was not until after World War II and the passage of the G. I. Bill of Rights that growth increased. Both today and historically, community colleges have been gateways to higher education in America. The mission statements of community colleges reflect the comprehensive nature of these institutions--more than providers of courses for transfer to a baccalaureate program, they offer lifelong learning opportunities, revitalization for the local communities they serve, and economic development. The author predicts that community colleges will thrive in the future because they are capable of rapid change; willing to add transnational and global dimensions to their missions and programs to reflect the changing demographics of America and world globalization trends; and are involved with K-12 institutions, community organizations, and four-year colleges and universities. (LD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the combined seminar of the Inter-American Development Bank and the Harvard Graduate School of Education (Cambridge, MA, September 4-8, 2000). Presented at New Options for Higher Education in Latin America: Lessons from the Community College Experience Conference, September 4, 2000, Cambridge, Massachusetts.