ERIC Number: ED455487
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Smoking Cessation: Uni-Modal and Multi-Modal Hypnotic and Non-Hypnotic Approaches.
Habicht, Manuela H.
A survey of Queensland's population in 1993 determined that 24% of the adults were smokers. National data compiled in 1992 indicated that 72% of the drug-related deaths were related to tobacco use. In light of the need for effective smoking cessation approaches, a literature review was undertaken to determine the efficacy of hypnotic and non-hypnotic, uni-modal and multi-modal approaches to smoking cessation. The review begins by contrasting hypnosis and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Therapies include self-quitting; primary care interventions; mass media interventions; legislative measures; and community-based interventions. A discussion is also included on motivational interviewing; brand switching; withdrawal management; stimulus control; aversion procedures; social support; stress management; exercise; and relapse prevention representing uni-modal non-hypnotic treatments. Other approaches are examined that belong to the same category as nicotine replacement strategies and acupuncture. The review explains the research difficulties in comparing the efficacy of treatments due to factors such as the adequacy of the delivery of procedures, small number of subjects, and comparison of slightly modified versions of the same technique. It concludes that a meta-analytic study would be able to solve some of the evaluation problems that occurred. (Contains 130 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia