ERIC Number: ED455431
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar-20
Reference Count: N/A
Coordination and Integration of Welfare and Workforce Development Systems.
Pindus, Nancy; Koralek, Robin; Martinson, Karin; Trutko, John
The extent of coordination and integration of welfare and work force development systems was examined in a study that involved site visits to 12 localities in 6 states. The following factors were found to promote coordination: a previous history of coordination; a strong local economy and low unemployment; access to technology; greater financial resources; and state initiatives. Barriers to coordination identified were programmatic (differing program goals, concepts of coordination, and performance standards and declining welfare caseloads); logistical (geographical issues, long-term leases and space limitations, confidentiality, incompatible client forms, union rules and civil service regulations); and managerial ("turf" barriers, system complexity, time commitments). The following were among the key lessons learned: (1) past relationships are important; (2) coordination efforts must generally overcome barriers; (3) coordination can occur under a variety of organizational approaches; (4) service systems must fit local conditions; (5) coordination can benefit hard-to-serve clients; (6) coordination is a process rather than an event; and (7) integration is a means rather than an end. (The bibliography contains 16 references. The following items are appended: a literature review; information about the study methodology and site selection; and a summary of agencies providing work-related services.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Agency Cooperation, Case Studies, Cooperation, Cooperative Programs, Coordination, Delivery Systems, Economic Climate, Education Work Relationship, Educational Opportunities, Educational Practices, Employment Opportunities, Employment Practices, Employment Services, Influences, Integrated Services, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Models, National Surveys, Predictor Variables, Rural Areas, School Community Programs, State Programs, Systems Approach, Urban Areas, Welfare Agencies, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.urban.org/welfare/coordination_FR.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Missouri; Ohio; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families