ERIC Number: ED455427
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Correcting Part-Time Misconceptions. Policy Watch.
Employment Policies Inst., Washington, DC.
In the past few years, union activists and some policymakers have increasingly portrayed part-time work as problematic for a worker. According to statistics compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the part-time "problem" is more rhetoric than reality. Only 17% of U.S. workers are classified as part-time. Of those 17%, 15% are voluntary part-time workers and only 1.8% (2.1 million workers) are involuntary part-time workers. Part-time employment has not increased significantly in the past 25 years. Most part-time workers are not responsible for supporting a family because they are members of families with two or more workers. The median annual family income of part-time workers is $44,506. The racial and ethnic breakdown of the part-time work force closely resembles that of the full-time labor force. Part-time jobs are held mostly by teenagers and females. According to new research, the skills required to perform the duties of part-time jobs are often lower than those required for full-time jobs. After skills differences and other personal differences are accounted for, the wage gap between part-time and full-time workers is nearly nonexistent. Recent Census Bureau data show that 70.5% of part-time workers are covered by health insurance, either through work or through coverage provided by other earners of the household. (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Definitions, Demography, Educational Attainment, Employed Women, Employee Attitudes, Employees, Employer Attitudes, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Employment Qualifications, Ethnic Groups, Family Characteristics, Fringe Benefits, Health Insurance, Individual Characteristics, Job Skills, Labor Force, Minority Groups, Part Time Employment, Salary Wage Differentials, Trend Analysis
For full text: http://www.epionline.org/study_epi_part-time_07-2000.html or http://www.epionline.org/study_epi_part-time_07-2000.pdf.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Employment Policies Inst., Washington, DC.