ERIC Number: ED455426
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Vocational Education and Training in Transition Countries: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States.
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
The vocational education and training (VET) reforms currently under way in Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States are distinguished by the breadth, range, depth, and speed of the reforms proposed or already initiated. The European Union has assisted the reform process through its Phare and Tacis programs. The following have been among the areas affected by vocational reforms in Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States: the VET model; legislation and distribution of students; funding; role of companies and human resources planning; VET qualifications and examination; and teaching staff. The reform processes in Central and Eastern European countries on the one hand and the New Independent States and Mongolia on the other hand have developed in very different directions. In all of these countries, however, it has become clear that training can no longer be reserved for the young. Among other things, VET policies must be designed to achieve the following goals: maintain macroeconomic stability; contain costs and mobilize additional financial resources; promote educational choices for young people and adults; regulate labor markets by maintaining qualification standards; ensure access to education and training for all; and strengthen institutional capacity to implement the reforms. (MN)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Change Strategies, Comparative Education, Continuing Education, Economic Development, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Enrollment Trends, Equal Education, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, International Cooperation, International Educational Exchange, Labor Force Development, Models, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Political Influences, Postsecondary Education, Program Costs, Public Policy, Role of Education, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Social Integration, Student Certification, Student Evaluation, Systems Approach, Technical Institutes, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education, Vocational Education Teachers
For full text: http://www.unevoc.de/congress/pdf/ref-etf-e.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Identifiers - Location: Europe; European Union; Mongolia