ERIC Number: ED455371
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-May
Reference Count: N/A
Whose Job Is It? Employers' Views on Welfare Reform. JCPR Working Paper.
Owen, Greg; Shelton, Ellen; Stevens, Amy Bush; Nelson-Christinedaughter, Justine; Roy, Corinna; Heineman, June
A total of 130 Minnesota employers who had participated in local welfare-to-work partnerships with social service agencies and other community members were interviewed by telephone for their views on welfare reform. (This nonrandom sample was selected by partnership staff.) Differences among rural and urban/suburban employers were examined, and welfare participant and employer views on service needs and barriers to self-sufficiency were compared. Very few differences emerged between urban/suburban and rural employers; however, urban/suburban businesses appeared to be more affected by the tight labor market and were thus more open to flexible hiring policies. Employers identified lack of "soft skills" (general social skills, calling in if one is going to be late or absent, staying on the job despite frustrations, etc.) as the primary barrier to work force participation, while welfare participants cited structural problems such as low wages and lack of education and child care as their primary obstacles to self-sufficiency. Employers considered involvement in partnerships valuable for recruiting employees and believed that partnerships played a role in supporting workers for improved training, retention, and work-life balance. The findings suggested that local partnerships between employers, government, and social service providers can help make welfare reform successful by helping at least some welfare recipients begin to work and become self-sufficient. (Contains 32 tables and 11 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs, Employer Attitudes, Employment Patterns, Employment Potential, Employment Practices, Employment Problems, Employment Qualifications, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Turnover, Needs Assessment, Partnerships in Education, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Recruitment, Rural Areas, State Surveys, Statewide Planning, Suburbs, Tables (Data), Telephone Surveys, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/WPprofile.cfm?ID=192.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.; Wilder Research Center, St. Paul, MN.
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota