ERIC Number: ED455342
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
School Choice as Education Reform: What Do We Know? ERIC Digest Number 165.
The question of whether school choice improves student outcomes persists. This digest explores issues surrounding school choice, highlighting major research findings. Overall, the ultimate impact of choice depends on how parents and schools respond to more schooling options and greater competition. Research indicates that greater parental satisfaction is associated with choice, but that less educated parents with more modest means are less likely to exercise choice, which suggests that choice systems could lead to less equity and greater racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic stratification. Research suggests that any benefits of public-private choice are small, though there is some evidence that private schools benefit urban minority students. Research on educational vouchers does not show statistically significant differences between public and private school students in test score performance. Comparing student outcomes in localities with differing amounts of competition shows that intra- and inter-district choice plans affect student achievement, and public school districts facing greater competition from other districts have better student outcomes. A positive relationship exists between school choice and measures of school quality. Parents are making decisions that are likely to benefit their children academically, though they tend to base schooling decisions, at least in part, on non-academic school attributes. (SM)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Competition, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Minority Groups, Parent Participation, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Choice, Urban Schools
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 800-601-4868 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.eric-web.tc.columbia.edu.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.