ERIC Number: ED455336
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jan-1
Reference Count: N/A
Should We Have Faith in the Churches? Ten-Point Coalition's Effect on Boston's Youth Violence. JCPR Working Paper.
Berrien, Jenny; Winship, Christopher
This paper describes the role of religious institutions in reducing youth violence in the inner city. The paper focuses on the Ten-Point Coalition, a group of ministers in Boston who have contributed in specific ways to reducing youth violence in that city. It analyzes the effectiveness of the police in reducing violence, pointing to the difficulties caused by the hostile and highly confrontational relationship between the police and the inner city community. The Coalition has succeeded in the long-run because it has been an intermediary between the police and the criminal justice system and Boston's inner city community. Coalition activities complement changes in police policy and practice, increasing police effectiveness by identifying high risk youth and providing legitimacy for appropriate police activities. The paper tells the Boston story from the point just prior to the Coalition's involvement until the present, then examines why the justice system has not operated effectively within many inner cities. It describes New York City, where ministers have not been involved in reducing crime, pointing out that though it has been nearly as successful as Boston by pursuing very aggressive tactics, signs of backlash are surfacing. (Contains 21 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Church Role, Inner City, Minority Group Children, Police Community Relationship, Racial Factors, Urban Areas, Urban Youth, Violence
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts (Boston)