ERIC Number: ED455319
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
"Honey, I'm Home": Changes in Living Arrangements in the Late 1990s. New Federalism National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-38. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Acs, Gregory; Nelson, Sandi
This brief uses data from the first two waves of the National Survey of America's Families to examine how living arrangements for families with children changed between 1997-99. During the late 1990s, welfare reform efforts centered on moving families from welfare to work. Lost in the discussions of declining caseloads and post-welfare employment rates has been a serious consideration of other clearly articulated goals of welfare reform (e.g., reducing nonmarital childbearing, encouraging marriage, and encouraging the formation and maintenance of two-parent families). The data show that the share of families composed of a single mother living independently declined. At the same time, the share of families composed of cohabiting couples with children rose. An increasing share of children lived in families without either parent present. There were larger changes in living arrangements among the population subgroups most likely to be affected by welfare policies (i.e., lower income and less educated families) than among other subgroups, such as moderate income families. This suggests that welfare policies may have contributed to the decline in single parenting and the rise in cohabitation between 1997-99. (Contains 14 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Children, Cohabitation, Educational Attainment, Family Structure, Low Income Groups, Mothers, One Parent Family, Welfare Recipients
The Urban Institute, 2100 M St., N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Web site: http://uipress.org; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.