ERIC Number: ED455042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Education of Immigrant Children: The Impact of Age at Arrival. MASRC Working Paper Number 26.
The family reunification provision in U.S. immigration laws allows foreign-born children of immigrants to enter the United States and attend American schools. The total number of school years completed by immigrant children, however, is affected by their age at arrival. Age at arrival also affects the percentage of schooling that is attained in the United States. This implies that immigrants with more U.S. schooling will earn more than other immigrants, holding total education constant, as long as the returns to U.S. schooling are greater than the returns to foreign schooling. Analysis of 1980 and 1990 census data revealed a negative relationship between age at arrival and educational attainment for Mexicans, Europeans, and Pacific Islanders that arrived after the start of the first grade. Mexican immigrants as a whole, however, lost the greatest amount of education from delayed entry. Estimates of the returns to U.S. schooling indicate that those with at least a high school diploma benefited from additional years in U.S. schools. However, the added tax revenue from the increased earnings was not always greater than the cost to taxpayers of additional years of U.S. schooling. Only for Mexican immigrants did the tax revenues outweigh the fiscal costs of more U.S. education. (Contains 22 references and 7 data tables.) (Author/SV)
Descriptors: Age, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Immigrants, Income, Mexicans, Taxes
Mexican American Studies & Research Center, Economics Building, Room 208, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0023 ($4 plus $1 shipping). Tel: 520-621-7551.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson. Mexican American Studies and Research Center.