ERIC Number: ED455010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Relation among Temperament, Age, and Friendship in Preschool-Aged Children.
Gower, Amy L.; Hohmann, Lisa M.; Gleason, Terry C.; Gleason, Tracy R.
Research on preschoolers' friendships has focused on superficial similarities but has not examined whether similarities exist between friends in personality characteristics such as temperament. This study examined the hypothesis that friends would have similar temperaments and that the relationship between temperament and friendship would be strengthened by age. Participating in the study were 75 children from 2 preschools who completed a sociometric interview. Also, the children's teachers completed a temperament questionnaire for each child. Regression analyses revealed that children's best friends and friends had levels of activity similar to those of the target child, and that soothability and impulsivity played only minor roles in preschool children's friendships. Findings were examined in the context of the changing role of temperament in children's peer relationships over time. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A