ERIC Number: ED454977
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Joblessness and Unemployment: A Review of the Literature.
Mason, Patrick L.
This literature review examines evidence on the relationship between African American male economic potential in the formal sector of the economy and transitions in African American family structure and marital stability. This review also provides insight into the crime, unemployment, family structure, and race debate. Competing theoretical explanations of transitions in family structure and marital stability are examined. Specifically, the paper compares the "African American structural model" with the "new household economics" and the sociological tradition that African American family life is pathological. Section 1 of the paper provides an overview of recent changes in marital status, marriage opportunity, fertility rates, and the economic well-being of families. Section 2 presents alternative economic theories regarding transitions in family structure. Section 3 provides empirical evidence on competing theoretical hypotheses. Section 4 discusses the results and limitations of the study within the historical context of research on the African American family. The report concludes that the bulk of the evidence tends to support the African American structural model and that the model's emphasis on mate availability, social classes, the unique cultural heritage of African Americans, and the continuing impact of racial discrimination in market processes presents the most advantageous framework from which to derive productive solutions to problems confronting African American families. (Contains 73 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Black Family, Crime, Demography, Economic Factors, Economic Impact, Economic Status, Family Structure, Family Work Relationship, Fathers, Marital Instability, Marital Status, Models, Parent Child Relationship, Pathology, Racial Differences, Sociology, Theories, Unemployment, Well Being
National Center on Fathers and Families, University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Education, 3700 Walnut Street, Box 58, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6216. Tel: 215-573-5500; Fax: 215-573-5508; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www.ncoff.gse.upenn.edu.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. National Center on Fathers and Families.