ERIC Number: ED454960
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Longitudinal Research Report on the Early Childhood Development Program: The Half-Day Child Development Program for Four-Year-Olds, 1997-98.
Yao, Wei; Snyder, Cathi; Burnett, David; Lindsay, Sandra; Tenenbaum, Inez M.
The Education Improvement Act of 1984 established the half-day child development program in South Carolina for 4- year-olds to help children who were most at risk for school failure get ready to learn before they entered the first grade. Students in the program met from 2 to 2.5 hours per day and used the High/Scope Preschool Curriculum. Each classroom was staffed with a teacher certified in early childhood education and one assistant, serving up to 20 children. This study used longitudinal data to determine whether students in the 1997-98 half-day child development program were equally ready for the first grade when compared with randomly sampled, similar South Carolina students and whether the program had differential effects upon school readiness for different groups of children. Findings indicated that the program had a positive effect in reducing the degree of risk for student readiness at the first grade. Program participants had a level of school readiness equivalent to that of nonprogram students. Significantly more females and Hispanic students in the 4-year-old program scored ready for the first grade than did the females and Hispanic students who were not in the program. Recommendations based on screening findings include refining the guidelines for identifying at-risk students, using student demographic information to better identify variables responsible to early intervention, placing students in different types of programs based on screening results, and investigating instructional curricula and strategies to determine their effect on improving school readiness. (Appendices include information on statistical analyses, data tables, school readiness trend comparisons between program and nonprogram participants, and comparisons across gender, ethnic groups, and family income groups.) (KB)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina