ERIC Number: ED454952
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Building Their Futures: How Early Head Start Programs Are Enhancing the Lives of Infants and Toddlers in Low-Income Families. Volume I: Technical Report.
Love, John M.; Kisker, Ellen Eliason; Ross, Christine M.; Schochet, Peter Z.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Boller, Kimberly; Paulsell, Diane; Fuligni, Allison Sidle; Berlin, Lisa J.
Early Head Start began with 68 programs in 1995 and today, almost 650 programs serve some 55,000 low-income families with infants and toddlers. This two-generation program provides high-quality child and family development services, a focus on staff development, and a commitment to community partnerships. A rigorous national evaluation, including about 3,000 children and families in 17 sites, began in 1995. This technical report presents analyses of the impact that the research programs have had on children's development, parenting, and family development through 2 years of age, including details on the study's methodology and analytic approaches. Findings indicated that after a year or more of program services, when compared with a randomly assigned control group, 2-year-old Early Head Start children performed significantly better on a range of measures of cognitive, language, and social-emotional development. Their parents scored significantly higher than control group parents on many measures of home environment, parenting behavior, and knowledge of infant-toddler development. Early Head Start families were more likely to attend school or job training and experience reductions in parenting stress and family conflict. Although these impacts were generally of modest size, the pattern of positive findings across a range of key domains important for children's well-being and future development is promising, because the pattern is consistent across domains of child and family functioning known to be associated with later positive child outcomes, including social abilities, literacy, and school readiness. The report also considers variations in program impacts by race/ethnicity, age at enrollment, age of mother at child's birth, birth order, gender, welfare status, parents' primary occupation, parental education attainment, living arrangements, and risk factors. (Contains 73 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Family Programs, Infants, Low Income Groups, Outcomes of Education, Parent Education, Poverty, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Toddlers
For full text: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.; Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center for Children and Families.