ERIC Number: ED454921
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May
Reference Count: N/A
Part-Time Faculty: Literature Review and Bibliography.
Hom, Willard, Comp.
This document contains two sections: a literature review of material related to part-time faculty, and the review's bibliography. The most recent research indicates that the use of part-time faculty positions in higher education as a proportion of total faculty positions has reached a plateau. The recently released study by the U.S. Department of Education estimates that part-timers made up 43% of the faculty workforce at colleges and universities. The pay and benefits of the part-time faculty in community colleges clearly do not equal those of full-time faculty in community colleges. The inequality in pay and benefits itself plays a role in the growth or decline of part-time employment's share of the total employment of faculty. Findings on any difference in instructional effectiveness between part-time and full-time faculty are inconclusive despite extensive work in this area. Many researchers emphasize the link between working conditions and effectiveness of the part-time faculty member. A critical working condition is the integration of the faculty member into the whole campus. The limited job mobility or opportunity facing part-time faculty has negative effects on these individuals. The likelihood or desire of part-time faculty to become full-time faculty underlies much of the discussion about limited opportunities and inequity. (Contains 83 references.) (JA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.