ERIC Number: ED454506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-May
Improving Students' Reading Fluency through the Use of Phonics and Word Recognition Strategies.
Ballard, Christine; Jacocks, Kathleen
This study describes a program designed to improve student reading fluency. The targeted population consisted of first and third grade students in a growing urban community in the Midwest. Evidence for the existence of the problem included standardized test scores and independent computer reports that measured academic achievement, phonic assessments that measured phonemic awareness, reading assessments that measured fluency, a parent survey to determine home literacy experiences, anecdotal records and observations to measure student growth, and portfolios to display student achievement. Analysis of probable causes was evidenced by teachers' observations of students' inability to read fluently and sound out new words. Teachers reported that students could not spell well or recognize common vocabulary. Students displayed low levels of recreational reading. A review of solution strategies suggested by cited authors, combined with an analysis of the problem setting, resulted in the selection of four categories of intervention: Instruction in decoding skills to increase students' ability to sound out or recognize new words; use of a traveling book program to enhance recreational reading; practice with sight words to improve student vocabulary; and read orally to improve fluency. Post intervention data indicated an increase in student phonemic awareness, an improvement in home literacy experiences, an increase in student vocabulary, and an advancement of student fluency levels. The researchers recommend using reading instruction that develops phonemic awareness, sight word drills that practice grade appropriate vocabulary, and reading activities that promote family involvement. (Contains 24 references, 5 tables, and 5 figures of data. Appendixes contain fluency charts, word lists, first and third grade developmental screening instruments; survey instruments; sample lessons and games; checklists; charts; record sheets; and a sample book bag journal page.) (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Action Research, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1, Grade 3, Parent Participation, Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Primary Education, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Fluency, Reading Improvement, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Recreational Reading, Urban Education, Vocabulary Development, Word Recognition
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and SkyLight Professional Development Field-Based Masters Program.