ERIC Number: ED454411
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May
Reference Count: N/A
Closing the Achievement Gap: Colleges Making a Difference. Report of Research Project Undertaken by the Learning and Skills Development Agency.
Demographic and institutional factors responsible for the large variations of student retention and achievement at further education (FE) colleges throughout the United Kingdom were examined. Data from individualized student records were analyzed, and 10 FE colleges identified as serving areas of deprivation were visited to assess the extent to which demographic factors are the main determinants of differences in rates of retention and achievement and to identify institutional practices connected with higher and lower retention and achievement. Although demographic differences in student profiles had an impact on the relative rates of achievement recorded by different colleges, demographic make-up of student bodies did not appear to explain the major part of interinstitutional variations in achievement. A substantial part of the achievement gap appeared to stem from factors lying within the direct influence of FE colleges. A total of 53 key characteristics associated with effective interventions to raise student achievement were identified. The characteristics involved the following aspects of practice: strategic commitment; collegewide approaches; recruitment, placement, and induction; design and delivery of curriculum; tutorial and other support; teaching and pedagogy; and monitoring, evaluation, and follow-up. It was concluded that more work is required to determine how demographic factors act as barriers to achievement. (Contains 12 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Adult Learning, Adult Students, Case Studies, Change Strategies, College Planning, College Role, Comparative Analysis, Counseling Services, Curriculum Development, Delivery Systems, Demography, Disadvantaged, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Influences, Information Management, Institutional Research, National Standards, National Surveys, Performance Factors, Postsecondary Education, School Holding Power, School Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, Strategic Planning, Student College Relationship, Student Evaluation, Student Improvement, Student Needs, Student Placement, Student Records, Student Recruitment, Systems Approach, Teaching Methods, Technical Institutes, Tutoring
Learning and Skills Development Agency, Citadel Place, Tinworth Street, London SE11 5EH, United Kingdom. Tel: 020 7962 1066; Fax: 020 7840 5401; Web site: http://www.LSagency.org.uk. For full text: http://www.LSagency.org.uk/pubs/dbaseout/download.asp?code=I SBN1853386685.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department for Education and Employment, London (England).
Authoring Institution: Learning and Skills Development Agency, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom