ERIC Number: ED454404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Job Searching in the 21st Century. Myths and Realities No. 14.
The Internet is changing the way people look for jobs, but these questions still remain: How effective is online job searching? and Are traditional methods now a waste of time? Surveys indicate only 5.5 percent of 99 million American households had done any online job hunting; a majority of 4,000 executives had job openings posted on their companies' websites; Fortune 500 online recuitment increased from 17 to 45 percent from 1998-99; but the Internet accounts for only 2 percent of employment advertising. A recruiting industry source estimates the number of successful searches made entirely via the Web is around 17 percent. The "hidden" job market is still most effectively tapped by personal contacts, although companies are encouraging employees to e-mail job ads to friends and creating alumni networks for referrals. Surveys have found more than 80 percent of employers initially identified interview candidates from paper resumes more than half the time, while only 60 percent scanned electronic resumes; and only 30 percent of employers preferred electronic resumes. The Internet enables job seekers to access current information, reach deeper into local markets and transcend geographic boundaries, and connect with many employers for less time and money. The limitations of keyword searching may hamper the number or relevance of job matches. What the Internet does is allow job seekers to diversify their approach. (Contains 21 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Career Education, Computer Mediated Communication, Electronic Mail, Employment Opportunities, Higher Education, Internet, Job Applicants, Job Application, Job Search Methods, Labor Market, Personnel Selection, Recruitment, Resumes (Personal)
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/fulltext.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.