ERIC Number: ED454367
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Promoting Equal Access of Girls/Women to Technical and Vocational Education.
Mishra, Arun; Khanna, Pinki; Shrivastava, Nalini
Despite United Nations' efforts, inequality of access for girls and women to technical and vocational education (TVE) persists in India. Challenges of the 21st century with regard to ensuring equal access of girls and women to TVE include: increasing the participation of girls (especially rural girls) in TVE; overcoming gender bias and stereotyping in TVE from educational planning, students, parents, society, and employers; facilitating wage and self-employment for girls; and adopting strategies that take account of cultural, geographical, and ecological variations and also problems relating to poverty and ignorance. Proposed strategies include the following: (1) decentralized and non-restrictive educational planning; (2) an expanded program of nonformal, low-technology vocational training for rural girls; (3) gender-sensitive planning; (4) gender-inclusive curriculum; (5) gender-exclusive educational and vocational guidance and counseling for girls and their parents; (6) upgrading of syllabuses and instructional materials; and (7) creation of gender-sensitive support structures for working women. The Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education in Bhopal has initiated projects to promote equal access of girls to vocational education, including production of videotapes promoting gender equality and vocational programs; research activities related to career aspirations of girls through vocational education; and seminars on economic empowerment of women. (KC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Culturally Relevant Education, Developing Nations, Educational Planning, Entrepreneurship, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Foreign Countries, Nontraditional Education, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Aspiration, Postsecondary Education, Poverty, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural Women, Secondary Education, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Student Recruitment, Technical Education, Vocational Education, Womens Education
For full text: http://www.unevoc.de/congress/pdf/ref-ind-e.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Inst. of Vocational Education, Bhopal (India).
Identifiers - Location: India