ERIC Number: ED454356
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationships among Achievement, Low Income, and Ethnicity across Six Groups of Washington State Students. Technical Report #1.
Abbott, Martin L.; Joireman, Jeff
This study examined the relationships between students' academic achievement, income level, and ethnicity using aggregate school 3rd and 6th grade Iowa Test of Basic Skills scores for 1999 and 2000, 4th grade Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) scores for 1999 and 2000, and 7th grade WASL scores for 1999 for all schools in Washington state. Data analysis indicated that low income explained a much larger percentage of the variance in academic achievement than did ethnicity. Ethnicity explained between 0-6 percent of the variance in academic achievement, after controlling for the contribution of low income. Low income, by contrast, explained between 12-29 percent of the variance in academic achievement. Combined with the finding that ethnicity explains approximately 32.7 percent of the variance in low income, the results suggest that the relationship between ethnicity and academic achievement is mostly indirect. Ethnicity relates to low income, and low income in turn relates to academic achievement. (Contains 14 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Data Analysis, Elementary Education, Ethnicity, Low Income Groups, Socioeconomic Status
Washington School Research Center, 3500 188th Street, S.W., Suite 328, Lynnwood, WA 98037. Tel: 425-744-0992; Fax: 425-744-1241; Web site: http://www.spu.edu/wsrc.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Seattle Pacific Univ., Lynnwood, WA. Washington School Research Center.
Identifiers - Location: Washington